Grade 8


Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions. [Clarification Statement: Examples of data include similarities of rock and fossil types on different continents, the shapes of the continents (including continental shelves), and the locations of ocean structures (such as … Read More “MS-ESS2-5”

October 1, 2018

Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earths systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the ways water changes its state as it moves through the multiple pathways of the hydrologic cycle. Examples of models can be conceptual or physical.] [Assessment Boundary: … Read More “MS-ESS2-6”

October 1, 2018

Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earths mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on how these resources are limited and typically non-renewable, and how their distributions are significantly changing as a result of removal by humans. … Read More “MS-ESS3-1”

October 1, 2018